In line with the EU's global strategy for sustainable development, in particular the EU contribution to sustainable development in the developing world, actions supported under COOPENER should be complementary and upstream of the support which may later be provided in the frame of other community development co-operation programmes. The conclusions of the Johannesburg summit emphasised the growing realisation, amongst those who are responsible for development cooperation, that a higher priority should be given in future to the role of energy in enabling poverty eradication and sustainable development. The Johannisburg Renewable Energy Declaration added a commitment to increase the share of RES in global energy supplies. Therefore, in negotiating and monitoring the implementation of COOPENER actions, the Commission will ensure close co-ordination and linkage with any relevant initiatives implemented through other Community policies and instruments (for example those managed by the DG€s for Development, External Relations, EuropeAid, JREC and the local EC delegations).
One of the key objectives of a COOPENER action should be to strengthen the existing capabilities in developing countries, so that those responsible will be better placed in future to specify their sustainable energy requirements and to establish sustainable energy strategies, policies, legislation, plans, programmes, projects and financing arrangements to attract investment. Priority under the COOPENER Key Actions will be given to activities which are focused on the provision of energy services for poverty alleviation and sustainable development of poor people in developing countries. In particular, priority will be given to projects which are associated with the Partnerships that are being formed between the EU and developing countries through the "EU Energy Initiative for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development" and through the JREC. It follows that all actions to be supported under the COOPENER key actions should be fully consistent with the poverty reduction strategies, sustainable development strategies, and related policies of the developing countries concerned.
An adequate level of effort is clearly needed in any given developing country or region in order to achieve a significant impact, so each Call for proposals will be focused on a limited geographical area within the geographical scope of the COOPENER programme (Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Pacific). In addition tenders may be used for some actions in developing countries that result from partnership agreements between these countries and the EU.
Recognising that support under COOPENER actions cannot be used to finance the provision of hardware or feasibility studies for specific investment projects, two key actions have been identified for support under COOPENER as follows: